ADHD is commonly associated with children who demonstrate difficulties in school performance and academic achievement. However, ADHD is a lifelong disorder and difficulties associated with it often persist into adulthood. Many adults with the disorder are not diagnosed or treated and as a result struggle in their personal, social and professional lives.
Adults with ADHD present with many of the same symptoms as children with the disorder but they might take it a more subtle form and therefore many adults might not even realise that the difficulties they experience are related to ADHD.
SYMPTOMS OF ADULT ADHD
- Organisational difficulties
- Concentration deficits
- Low frustration tolerance
- Difficulty following instructions
- Difficulty completing tasks
- Memory deficits
HOW NEUROFEEDBACK HELPS
Brain activity takes the form of waves which differs depending on the particular state a person is in – e.g. focused, relaxed, daydreaming etc. Adults with ADHD often tend demonstrate slower wave activity in the frontal areas of the brain which is associated with being in a dream-like, spacey state of mind and impacts the person’s ability to effectively regulate their attention, emotions and behavior.
Having adult ADHD means that the neurotransmitters in the brain struggle to send messages throughout pathways in the brain. With neurofeedback therapy, brainwaves can be reorganized and trained to facilitate better communication between brain cells.
HOW NEUROFEEDBACK WORKS
During a neurofeedback for adult ADHD session, certain brainwaves are stimulated and/ or inhibited to help a client with a particular state, for instance focus or inattention. Electrodes are placed on the scalp and earlobes to record the client’s brainwaves. While playing a computer game audio and visual feedback the client learns how to influence and change brainwaves. With ADHD, the goal would be to reduce (inhibit) the slow wave and to increase (reward) fast wave activity.
Retraining brainwaves is similar to doing physical exercises. Initially, results might be temporary but by completing sessions on a frequent and continuous basis, results become more enduring with enhanced cognitive flexibility and control.
BENEFITS OF NEUROFEEDBACK
- Improvements of concentration
- Less distractibility
- Decreased impulsivity
- Less hyperactivity
- Better mood regulation
- Improved sleep patterns
- Better memory retention.
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